DOT Physical -Who Needs it?

A DOT (Department of Transportation) physical is a medical examination required of commercial drivers. A DOT physical is designed to guarantee that commercial motor vehicle drivers are physically, intellectually, and emotionally healthy. The FMCSA mandates them for public safety. Consult mckinney dot physicals to learn more.

Who needs a DOT physical?

A DOT physical is required if you:

  • Are paid for driving a vehicle capable of transporting more than eight passengers.
  • Drive a vehicle that can transport more than 15 passengers.
  • Drive a vehicle with a total combination weight rating, a total vehicle weight rating, or a total combination weight of more than 10,000 pounds on the highway.
  • Carry hazardous objects that need the use of a placard in your vehicle.

What exactly is a DOT physical?

Your DOT physical will be performed by a healthcare physician who will ask you extensive questions about your medical history, including:

  • Any medications you are taking, including prescription and over-the-counter
  • If you have ever had surgery
  • If you use cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, or illicit drugs
  • Any medical issues you have had
  • If you have ever been addicted to an illicit substance
  • If you have ever failed a drug test.
  • Any current symptoms you are experiencing

You will get a hands-on physical, which will involve a check of your:

  • Blood pressure
  • Weight
  • Height
  • General appearance
  • Hearing
  • Vision
  • Ears
  • Eyes
  • Skin
  • Lungs and chest
  • Heart
  • Mouth and throat
  • Genital and urinary system, including checking for hernias
  • Back and spine
  • Abdomen
  • Gait, which is how you walk
  • The nervous system, including your reflexes
  • Extremities and joints
  • Circulatory system, which is your arteries, veins, and lymphatic system

A urinalysis will also be required to screen for protein, sugar, blood, and specific gravity. These tests can tell your doctor if you need more testing to rule out other medical issues. Other tests may be required if your doctor believes they are essential.

You may also require a sleep apnea test if you have signs of obstructive sleep apnea, a disorder where you stop breathing while sleeping. Sleep apnea symptoms can include:

  • Gasping for breath during sleep
  • Heavy snoring
  • Morning headaches
  • Dry mouth or sore throat in the morning
  • Daytime sleepiness

How to get a DOT physical

DOT Physicals can only be done by FMCSA-certified healthcare professionals. Here you may look for a licensed medical examiner. Medical examiners who are licensed may be:

  • Physician assistants (PA)
  • Doctors of Osteopathy (DO)
  • Doctors of Medicine (MD)
  • Advanced practice nurses (APN)
  • Doctors of Chiropractor (DC)