What is type 2 diabetes? The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, which happens when your blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is too high. Your primary source of nutrition is blood glucose, which is derived primarily from the foods you consume.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body does not use insulin properly. Insulin resistance can be present in people with type 2 diabetes.
Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, aids glucose absorption into cells for energy production. In type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use it properly. In this case, there is so much glucose in your blood, and not enough gets to your cells.
People in their forties and fifties are more likely to develop this form of diabetes. Adult-onset diabetes was the name given to the condition at the time. However, type 2 diabetes affects children and adolescents as well, especially as a result of childhood obesity.
The good news is that it is possible to avoid or postpone the onset of type 2 diabetes by taking some measures.
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes symptoms may be subtle, so you might not notice them. About 8 million people who have it do not know it. Symptoms include:
- Become very thirsty.
- Piss a lot
- Vision is hazy
- Become irritable
- Numbness or tingling in your hands or feet Fatigue / obsolete feeling
- Wounds that don’t heal
- Yeast infection that continues to return
- Feeling hungry
- Weight loss without trying
- Get more infection
Type 2 Diabetes Risk factor
Several factors can lead to type 2 diabetes, including:
- Weight. The biggest risk factor is being overweight or obese.
- Distribution of fat. Save fat in your chest, rather than your hips and thighs, because it poses a greater danger. If you’re a guy with a waist measurement of more than 40 inches (101.6 centimeters) or a woman with a waist measurement of more than 35 inches (101.6 centimeters), It is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (88.9 centimeters).
- Currently inactive. The less active, the greater your risk will be. Physical exercise will help you lose weight, burn glucose for energy, and make your cells more insulin-sensitive.
- History of the family. If your parents or brothers have type 2 diabetes, you’re more likely to develop the disease.
- Race and ethnicity are two factors to consider. People of certain races and ethnicities, such as black, Hispanic, original, and Asian people and people from the Pacific Islands, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white people for unknown reasons.
- Blood lipid levels. The increase in risk is associated with high-level high lipoprotein levels (HDL) cholesterol – “good” cholesterol – and high triglyceride levels.
- Age. Type 2 diabetes risk rises with age, particularly after the age of 45.
- Prediabetes. It is a form of diabetes in which the blood sugar levels are Prediabetes is a disorder in which a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than average but not elevated enough to be considered diabetic. If left unchecked, prediabetes will progress to type 2 diabetes.
- Pregnancy-related dangers If you have gestational diabetes when pregnant or giving birth to a baby that weighs more than 9 pounds, the chances of having type 2 diabetes increase (4 kilograms).
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome. a group of disorders marked by irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, and obesity, raises the risk of diabetes.
- The skin area is dark, usually in the armpit and neck. Insulin resistance is common in this condition.
Type 2 diabetes complications
Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, skin, and kidneys. Furthermore, the risk factors for diabetes are also risk factors for other severe chronic diseases. Diabetes and comorbidity can lead to a variety of complications, including:
- Heart disease and blood vessels. Diabetes is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and narrowing of arteries due to atherosclerosis.
- Damage to the nerves in the leg (neuropathy). A high blood sugar level can damage or kill nerves over time, causing tingling, numbness, burning, pain, or loss of sensations that usually begin at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spread.
- Other types of nerve injury. Irregular heart rhythms can be caused by damage to the heart nerve. Nerve damage in the digestive system may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation. In men, nerve damage can cause erectile dysfunction.
- Kidney illness. Diabetes can cause chronic kidney disease or irreversible final stages of kidney disease, which may require dialysis or kidney transplantation.
- Eye damage. Diabetes raises the risk of severe eye diseases including cataracts and glaucoma, as well as retinal blood vessel damage, which can lead to blindness.
- Various skin problems. Skin infections, such as bacterial and fungal infections, will make you more vulnerable to diabetes.
- Slow recovery. Cutting and blisters can become severe infections if left untreated, and they can be difficult to recover from. Severe leg, leg, or foot damage can necessitate amputation.
- Hearing impairments. Diabetics are more likely to have hearing issues.
- Sleep apnea. People with type 2 diabetes commonly suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity diabetes may be a major factor that contributes to both conditions. It is not clear whether treating sleep apnea increases blood sugar control.
- Dementia. Type 2 diabetes appears to be similar to Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia-causing disorders. Low blood sugar control has been related to better memory and other cognitive abilities.
Type 2 Diabetes Prevention
And if you have biological relatives that have diabetes, making healthy lifestyle decisions will help you avoid type 2 diabetes. If you’ve been diagnosed with Prediabetes, making lifestyle changes will help you delay or avoid the progression of diabetes.
Healthy lifestyles include:
- Eat healthy food. Reduce your fat and calorie intake while increasing your fiber intake. Focus on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Activate. Aim for 150 minutes or more a week aerobic activity is so strong, like walking fast, cycling, running or swimming.
- Heavy loss. Losing simple weight and keeping it delaying the development of Prediabetes to Type Diabetes 2. If you have Prediabetes, losing 7% to 10% of your weight can reduce the risk of diabetes.
- Avoid being active for a long time. Get up every 30 minutes and walk about for at least a few minutes.
Metformin (Fortamet, Glumetza, and other oral diabetes drugs) can be given to people with Prediabetes to help them avoid developing type 2 diabetes. This is typically recommended for older people who are obese and are unable to control their blood sugar levels by lifestyle changes.