During diabetic comas, glucose level increases, more urine will be produced, and your pet will become dehydrated due to excessive water loss from the body. This increased glucose level and dehydration will cause depression, seizures, and coma situations. According to Dog Walkers in San Francisco “Though diabetic coma is a relatively very common disease, urgent care is required, and some dogs arrive at the clinic in a comatose or near-comatose state.” Males are affected less than females. Lists of dogs predisposed to diabetes are long, with some like poodles, miniature, beagles, Doberman pinschers, chow, west highland terrier, and dachshund. It can cause serious issues like hyperglycemia and hyperosmolar coma.
Types of diabetic comas
Diabetic comas are of many types, eachhaving different and severe effects, such as Symptoms of dog diabetic comas.
- Hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetes
- Insulin resistance
- Insulin effectiveness
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
Symptoms of diabetic comas
Its symptoms can be easily recognized, which are given below
- Increased thrust
- Increased appetite
- Weight loss
- Muscle twitching
- Rapid breathing, coma, and even death
Contacting the vet
Once you notice that your dog is irresponsive, try to stay quiet. If you already know that your dog is diabetic, you should rub the corn syrup on its gums and under its tongue. And take it to the emergency clinic, inform the vet of its recent activities, and inform the doctor about the time and amount of insulin dose you are giving to your dog. The veterinarian can ask for a complete blood count, biochemical profile, blood sugar and electrolyte level, and probably the urinalysis.
It will help the doctor know if it’s suffering from pancreatitis leading to comatose.
Treatment of Diabetic Comas in Dogs
The veterinarian can suggest intravenous therapy for the dog to bring its consciousness back. The liquid solution to optimize the blood glucose level and electrolyte treatments can be given. You must admit the dog to a hospital so that the doctors can monitor its glucose level and what is the improvement level of your dog. It’s better not to give insulin very fast as it can lead to more complications. Once the dog is recovered, the doctors may take some additional tests required to diagnose the issue and to recover the dog permanently.
Once the dog is recovered and its blood sugar level is balanced, it will be easy to eat and drink for it, and you can carry it back home. You can give insulin or oral medications only as per the instructions by your doctor. The doctor can adequately guide you on how and when to give the insulin to your dog. Take care of its meals and medications.
To avoid dehydration, coma, and seizures, you should properly follow the health and diet guidelines to monitor your dog’s routines, behaviors, appetite, and energy levels. Dogs can also suffer from infections during and after diabetic comas, so it’s better to get proper treatment for infections before its too late.
The dogs with diabetic comas suffer from higher glucose levels leading to excessive urination. And this excessive urination causes dehydration in dogs, thus causing coma, seizures, and depression. Many dog breeds suffer from these issues, so it’s better to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible if you see any sign of diabetic comas.