Once you have successfully purchased, installed the latest Dell PowerEdge Server operating system, connected the peripheral devices, and the Ethernet connection the server will require some initial configuration.
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These are set using the Dell PowerEdge Server Manager. The server manager allows you to administer settings and add additional bits of software called Roles. The server manager will start automatically when the server is fully booted up. It applies to these models:
- Dell PowerEdge r620
- Dell PowerEdge r630
- Dell PowerEdge r720
- Dell PowerEdge r730
We are going to change the computer name to something more meaningful and set a static IP address. In order for other computers to locate your Dell PowerEdge tower server, it is essential that it maintains the same IP address known as setting a static IP address.
If you are unsure what your IP address should be we can initially set the same settings that the server has been assigned via DHCP. Go to start -> run and type cmd. The command prompt window should open. Type ipconfig in the command prompt window and make a note of the IPv4 Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway.
1. In Server Manager locate the Local Server option in the left pane. Local Server refers to the Dell PowerEdge server that you are logged into rather than a remote server.
2. In the main pane next to Computer Name click the current name of the computer to change it. A default name will have been set by windows.
3. Click the Change button.
4. Delete the existing computer name and enter something more meaningful such as `primary server’.
5. Click Ok, Close and Restart later.
6. Adjacent to Ethernet click the current IP address.
7. Right-click on the Ethernet port and select Properties
8. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 and select Properties at the bottom.
9. Select Use the following IP address and enter the IP settings.
10. Select Use the following DNS server addresses and enter the DNS server (leave this as automatic for now if you are unsure). Click Ok and Restart later.
It is also worth having a look at some of the other settings here and configuring them to your own preference, such as Windows updates and Timezone settings. Once complete, restart the server.
Installing Roles and Features on Dell PowerEdge Tower Servers
Software components of Windows Server are separated. This means that we can install certain parts of the operating system to perform the services that we want. For example, if we would like the server to manage our IP addresses using DHCP, we can install the `DHCP Server’ role. The roles often supply a service such as Active Directory, File, Print, DNS or DHCP. If we can save a file to a server or if we can send a print job to a server, then that server is running some software that is enabling us to do those actions. Using separate software components for the roles aids efficiency as the server is only doing the tasks and processes that we require.
Features are added bits of software usually required for the roles to function correctly. The correct features will usually be selected automatically after you have selected a role in the install wizard.
How to install a role on Dell PowerEdge Server?
- Open Server Manager
2. Click Manage located towards the top right corner of the screen.
3. Select Add Roles and Features to open the wizard.
4. Click Next.
5. Select Role-based or feature-based install-lation option and click Next
6. Select the server you would like to install the role on. There is likely to be only 1 server option, the one you are currently working on, click Next
7. Select the role that you would like to install, add the required features and click Next
8. Click to confirm the installation and wait for the installation of complete confirmation.
The Domain networking option is built into Windows computers and is used to create a group of computers that can be controlled centrally from the Dell PowerEdge tower servers. A domain also makes a network more secure as it can block traffic from accessing computers in the network.
Once a computer or user is added to the domain they can access specified shared folders, files, software, and printers. When added to the domain computers will automatically be added to Active Directory and then rules or policies can be applied to the computer from the server. For example, you may want to set a desktop wallpaper or set specific desktop icons (more on this later).
The domain is initially set up on the server using the Active Directory Domain Services role. Computers on the same network can then be added. A domain requires a domain controller that controls the login authentication of computers and users. If you have a single server environment then that server needs to be set as the domain controller.