Common Pediatric Eye Diseases and Conditions

Initial and reliable identification of childhood eye diseases can present a challenge for family doctors. Visual acuity evaluation is necessary for the diagnosis of amblyopia, ideally performed by age four. Cover testing will show tiny angles or occasional strabismus. Leukocoria, identified with an ophthalmoscope, can indicate retinoblastoma or cataracts. Children with glaucoma could have a sensitivity to light or corneal expansion, and more extreme ocular irritation may be evidenced by conjunctivitis, which does not respond rapidly to medication. Children with severe eye injuries are frequently brought to the primary healthcare specialist. Different eye findings link nystagmus with other systemic disorders.


This article aims to promote the identification and evaluation of children with serious eye disorders, identifying several disorders that are easily overlooked throughout visits to the primary care clinic. Here, we are sharing some of the most common eye diseases that children can have.


Inflammation of conjunctiva is known as conjunctivitis. In children, it can be due to bacterial or viral infection. It can be treated with antibiotic drops. If the reason behind the problem is an allergy, it can easily be treated with the help of anti-allergy drops given along with some antibiotic and short-term use of topical steroids in case it is really required. If required, oral (antihistamine) syrups/tablets may be given. Avoiding exposure to those things one is allergic to may prevent allergic conjunctivitis. If you feel your child may have this disease you can look for a pediatric Ophthalmologist in Delhi and book an appointment online.


Strabismus entails eye misalignment. It’s often generally called cross-eyed. Perhaps an eye turns inwards, upwards, downwards, or outwards. The eye can be continuously misaligned or even intermittently. It can grow from infancy on upwards anytime in childhood.

The trigger of strabismus, including such cerebral palsy, can vary and may involve a health problem. Those at greater risk are children who have a family history of strabismus. Treatment can involve wearing a mask for the eyes, surgery, and eye lenses. Botox injections can help in some cases, too.


Leukocoria, or “grey pupil,” is also first found in the photos or by family members. This is an irregular white image from the eye’s retina, which can be a symptom of retinoblastoma, a rare type of cancer that grows rapidly throughout the retina. A variety of other disorders can also connect leukocoria, like strabismus. So, it is very important for your eye doctor to examine your eyes immediately if you find an odd white reflection from your eye, instead of a regular red reflection. For more information about the disease, you can speak to a health advisor.

Refractive Amblyopia

The most challenging form of amblyopia to diagnose is refractive amblyopia. If the two eyes have substantially different refractive conditions, the small child may rely on the more centered eye’s sight, leading the other eye to lose its ability visually. The infant will usually continue to see it at home and in the healthcare facility as the usual eye is being used for visual activities. If both eyes are out of sight, they could both turn amblyopic.

Lazy Eye

Amblyopia is the medical term for this disease, which is also commonly known as a lazy eye. It happens once an eye is weaker than the other. It’s a popular disorder in children as per the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Other vision problems, such as adjuvant errors may result in it developing. Treatment also requires placing an eye patch over the stronger eye to allow the use of a weaker eye by the infant. Eye drops or prescription glasses, which blur the stronger eye’s vision, may also help to reinforce the other eye. The treatment will take several months to operate.

Xerophthalmia (Vitamin A deficiency)

Xerophthalmia is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin ‘A’. This contributes to eye dryness, conjunctiva & corneal ulcer spots. It is also a significant cause of nocturnal blindness. It can be treated by administering an oral amount of vitamin A. Vitamin A ‘is abundantly found in vegetables & fruits such as papaya, mango & leafy greens.

Although if your child is not at a significantly increased risk of eyesight problems, it is necessary to scan for an age-appropriate evaluation. The American Academy of Ophthalmology suggests that children be tested for vision once they are newborns, babies, preschoolers, and the age of primary school.