Causes of multiple sclerosis and their treatment

Multiple Sclerosis is a weakness that occurs in the nervous system of the human body. It is a potentially impairing disease of the brain and spinal cord that affects the optic nerves. With this chronic disease, the nervous system targets the safeguarding shield known as the myelin sheath. It is a layer that controls the nerves in your body and generates signals to take action. It definitely hinders the transmissions from the brain to the rest of the body. Multiple Sclerosis can grow in the human body with an unknown rate. In addition to this, brain activity slows down gradually. One’s immune system reacts at odd with his/her own tissues in the body and is reflect to be a rare disease.

In the myelin sheath, inflammation occurs and nerve fibers are defacing that obstructs electric signals in the body. It is an autoimmune disease and cannot be bear from one person to another. Foreign substances are turned away by the immune system and unable to recognize them. It may occur at any age. The central nervous system is highly pretentious with this kind of suffering.  

Symptoms

  • blurred vision
  • numbness, weakness, and tingling
  • urinary issues
  • muscle stiffness
  • shock signals 
  • memory problems
  • changes in mobility
  • sexual dysfunction
  • fatigue, headache
  • emotional changes and depression
  • Swallowing problem

Causes

A lot of risk factors are included with causes. The following are as follows:

  •  Most people are prone to this disease between the ages of 20 and 40 years.
  • Women are twice more vulnerable by this than men.
  • genetic factors
  • Smoking 
  • Exposure to viruses
  • deficiency of Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency

Diagnosis 

If your doctor has a suspicion of  MS, you will have to go to a neurologist for various tests. Neurological tests examine reflexes, eye movements, muscle strength, commotion, and coordination. After this, in the diagnosis, your personal medical and family histories will also play a crucial role. The following are to be ready while checkup: 

  • MRI scans of the brain and spinal cord that may induct lesions.
  • Spinal fluid analysis.
  • electrical activity potential test

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment 

Although the disease doesn’t have a cure but there are numerous multiple sclerosis treatments available to slow down the process. To lessen the severity, medications are given to reduce the symptoms. Slow the progression of relapses. Doses of steroids are given orally or by injections. Disease-Modifying Drugs like Beta interferons, glatiramer, cladribine, dimethyl fumarate can be taken. Plasma Treatment is also applicable to a few patients’ conditions. Lifestyle alterations You Can Make are: 

Medicines aren’t the only solution. Taking good safe keeping of yourself will help you live finer with MS. Regularly, make sure you:

  • Get enough rest.
  •  Keep a day to day sleep schedule and make sure your personal space and room is a bit cold, dark, and gadget-free.
  • Eat healthy food and nutrients: There is no diet for MS. Choose foods low in fats and rich in fiber. 
  • Do some exercise. Even a walk around the home can help. Physical activity builds bones and strengthens muscle power. It keeps depression away and helps you rest better.
  • Stress management is necessary as, without it, may make your symptoms poor. Whether you exercise, read books,  write a journal, or talk with friends, find something that may help you manage the ups and downs.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Cost

Drug treatments may help reduce the relapses and slow down the effect of foreign particles but Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Cost is usually high. In US, on average the medication cost ranges from $20,000- $50,000 throughout the year. In the early phase, if the treatment starts on time then there is a possibility of slowing of progression. it will reduce the inflammation process of the nerve on time. Other therapies also can reduce the symptoms and pain to manage the condition properly. In India, Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Cost is $20,000-$25000 which is in comparison way less than around the globe. It is a wise choice to opt for medical treatment in India that is in the line of growing healthcare tourism. 

Types of Multiple Sclerosis

There are majorly four varients of MS which are Clinically isolated syndrome, Relapse-remitting MS, Primary progressive MS, Secondary Progressive MS. 

Complementary therapies may help with different aspects of MS as well like stem cell therapy, heat and massage treatment for pain, acupuncture, stress management sessions, avoidance of alcohol and smoking, exercise plans, speech and swallowing therapy, cognitive rehabilitation, vocal exercises. 

Outlook 

MS is a possible prospect of serious health issues that influence the nervous system. The development of MS is non-identical for each person, so it is difficult to predict what will happen, but most people will not observe acute disability. In past years, scientists have made rapid advancement in making drugs and treatments for MS. Newer medicines are safer and more successful, and they offer a notable aim for reducing disease progression. As researchers educate themselves more about genetic features and alterations that take place with MS, there is also a plan that they will be able to forecast more easily which kind of MS a person will have and set up the most functional treatment from the early phase.

A person who gets appropriate medical treatment and follows a healthy balanced lifestyle can desire to live the same life as a person without MS. It is necessary to have support from a family who grasps what it is like to get a diagnosis and survive with MS. It is pivotal to get a medical guidance as soon as possible. Consult a neurologist for this special treatment. It is definitely challenging to live with but one can improve the condition and live normally. Your standard of life with the disease will depend on your manifestations and how well you counter to treatment. This rarely lethal, but unsure, condition can change course without caution.

Diet

A healthy diet low in calories and high in nutrients and fiber will assist you to control your health in general. 

Your diet should mainly include:

  • many types of fruits and vegetable
  •  sources of protein, such as fish and poultry items
  • food rich in fiber such as whole grains
  • nuts, beans 
  • legumes
  • dairy products with low-fat
  • fluids like juices and a lot of water intake in a day

The highly rich nutritional diet, the finer your overall physical condition. You’ll not only feel good in the short term process, but you’ll also be laying the base for a bright and fit future.