Cardiologists Surgeons V/S Vascular Surgeons – Irfan Siddiqui

It may seem at first glance that cardiologists and vascular surgeons perform the same tasks, but their roles are different. Irfan Siddiqui, a leading Cardiologist at the Institute of Florida, explains the differences between a Cardiologist and a Vascular Surgeon.


According to Irfan, cardiologists are specialized medical experts who diagnoses diseases of the heart or cardiovascular system. Dr. Siddiqui suggests that cardiologists can prescribe medications, give dietary advice, and treat heart and cardiovascular conditions. Cardiologists diagnose and treat heart disease, including genetic heart diseases that can occur at birth as well as heart diseases that develop later in life. Cardiac surgeons specialize in heart-related disorders and perform bypass surgery, valve repair and replacement, as well as heart transplants.

Cardiologists can choose specialists in a wide variety of fields, including congenital heart disease, cardiac imaging, electrical device therapy, cardiac arrest, traditional cardiology, and more. They work with patients to understand their medical background, assess their current health conditions, perform tests such as echocardiograms, prescribe medications to treat cardiovascular conditions, and more.

Cardiologists treat complex conditions such as atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, arrhythmia, coronary heart disease, congestive heart disease, and hypertension.

Vascular Surgeon:

Vascular surgeons, on the other hand, work on any part of the human body except the cardiovascular system or brain. Vascular surgeons treat conditions in the veins and arteries outside the heart, usually focusing on issues related to poor circulation in the body. Vascular surgeons can treat patients by prescribing medications, performing surgeries, and more. Even if a patient is not experiencing their heart issues, they may still be affected by a vascular condition such as PAD or peripheral artery disease.

Vascular surgeons treat issues with blocked carotid arteries in the neck, for example, as well as peripheral artery disease, which affects the arteries in the legs and feet. Irfan Siddiqui explains that vascular surgeons can help protect organs from amputation by treating conditions of poor circulation. They further state that they will assist in stroke care, manage vascular conditions with effective treatment plans, and perform a catheter-based procedure to open the arteries and veins without surgery. If a patient has a blocked vein or artery outside the heart, they will be referred to a vascular surgeon instead of a cardiologist or cardiac surgeon.

Vascular surgeons can treat conditions such as aneurysms, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), spider veins, varicose veins, and venous ulcers, which are the result of wounds that do not heal as a result of poor blood flow, usually in the legs.


While the two roles typically work together in the same department, Irfan Siddiqui said that there are many differences between a Cardiologist and a vascular surgeon. It is important to be aware of the differences between the two professions in how body systems work together and to help them better understand their circumstances in a better way. In many hospitals, cardiologists and vascular surgeons combine their skills using multiple approaches to provide a complete spectrum of treatment for all heart and vascular conditions.