A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain. Tumors develop when one’s normal cells mutate into abnormal ones, resulting in the growth of a tumor. There are many different forms of tumors, some of which are benign and others which are malignant. While brain tumors typically begin in the brain, they can sometimes begin in another place of the body and then travel to the brain.
In this article Dr Gurneet Sawhney who is one of the best neurosurgeons in Mumbai will discuss the common symptoms & treatment methods that are currently used by the neurosurgeons in Mumbai, India.
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNIFICANCES ASSOCIATED WITH A BRAIN TUMOR DIAGNOSIS
The indications and symptoms that a patient will encounter if they have a brain tumor will vary depending on the tumor’s location, type, and size. Neurological issues might arise as a result of a brain tumor. According to the neurosurgeons, while the signs and symptoms listed below are the most prevalent, persons living with a tumor may also endure seizures, vision problems, speech difficulties, and personality changes.
Many persons with a brain tumor will have persistent headaches. These headaches are usually worse in the morning, but they can also be bothersome when doing particular activities. While many people will have a headache that is localized to the tumor, others may have a headache that affects their entire head.
Nausea is a common symptom of a brain tumor that arises when the tumor grows in a fixed location within the skull. As the tumor grows, it may begin to press against brain tissue or impede the flow of fluid within the brain. A rise in blood pressure can make a person feel nauseous. Vomiting can occur as a result of severe nausea.
When a person has a brain tumor, fatigue is one of the most typical symptoms they will encounter. Fatigue is more than just being tired; it makes you feel weak and exhausted, making it harder to execute your daily tasks. Feeling heavy in the limbs, being excessively irritable, being unable to focus, and falling asleep during the day are all examples of fatigue symptoms.
TREATING BRAIN TUMOR
“Treatment for a brain tumor is determined by a number of criteria, including the tumor’s location, nature, and size, as well as the patient’s age and overall health. The neurosurgeon’s treatment regimens and approaches differ for children and adults. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are commonly used to treat brain tumors.”- Says Dr. Gurneet Sawhney who is one of the best neurosurgeon in Mumbai.
Depending on the needs of the patient, a variety of methods may be used. Most patients are given steroids, which are medications that reduce swelling and edema, before starting treatment. To prevent or manage seizures, anticonvulsant medication may be used.
In most cases of brain tumors, surgery is the most common treatment option. A craniotomy is a procedure in which a neurosurgeon makes a hole in the skull to remove a brain tumor. The surgeon will strive to remove the entire tumor if at all possible. If total tumor excision is not possible without causing damage to vital brain tissue, the doctor may remove as much of the tumor as is permitted. Partially removing the tumor will assist to relieve symptoms by relieving pressure on the brain and reducing the amount of tumor that will be treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Some cancers are impossible to remove. In certain situations, the surgeon may merely do a biopsy. A little part of the tumor will be removed and examined by a pathologist. This will aid in determining the sort of cells present and the treatment strategy.
A needle is sometimes used to do the biopsy. To pinpoint the exact location of the tumor, the neurosurgeon will utilize a customized head frame (such as a halo) and CT scans or MRI. After making a small hole in the skull, the surgeon inserts a needle into the tumor. Stereotaxis is a technique for biopsy or treatment.
Brain mapping to find functional pathways around tumors, endoscopy for biopsies and opening spinal fluid conduits via a tiny scope, and sophisticated frameless stereotaxic computer-aided tumor resections are some of the other advanced procedures employed during surgery. Intraoperative MRI can also be utilized to ensure that the tumor is removed completely.
The use of high-powered radiation to destroy cancer cells and halt their proliferation is known as radiotherapy. It’s used to destroy tumor tissues that are difficult to remove through surgery or to eliminate cancer cells that remain after surgery. When surgery is not an option, radiation therapy is utilized.
Chemotherapy is the process of using medications to kill cancer cells. A single medicine or a combination of drugs may be administered orally or through injection into a muscle or blood vessel. Drugs are injected into the cerebrospinal fluid during intrathecal chemotherapy.