Internet of Things (IoT) is a physical networking system that consists of not only the physical devices, but the vehicles, buildings and the other items. These items are called “things” in IoT; consist of sensors, embedded electronics, etc. And help to collect and exchange the data.
What is a Smart Energy Meter?
A meter is a way to measure the products that we use in our day-to-day lives such as electricity. The electrical power consumed by us on a daily basis is commonly called the energy meters. The electrical consumption meters are sometimes based on wireless technologies too and are termed as Wireless Energy Meters. The Wireless communication modules like GSM convert the conventional energy meters into the wireless energy meters. The wireless energy meters reduce the manpower requirements for metering and billing of the energy consumption.
A smart energy meter helps to display the cost of the home energy. The energy data is obtained as a daily, weekly, and monthly form and it is possible to download this data. Another advantage is the ability to discover the carbon footprints. This way a monitoring of how much energy is consumed by the user is maintained. The real-time home energy data is also displayed from anywhere and anytime. The ultimate aim is to bring down your energy related bills.
Why use IoT for the Smart Energy Meters?
IoT is increasingly getting used in the electrical utilizes for monitoring, transmitting and synchronizing the distribution and transmission of the electric power over larger geographical areas. The IoT based energy meters simply increases the monitoring capabilities. A limitation of the traditional form of energy meters for measuring electricity is their inability to display the amount of power consumed, until and unless they get attached with the meter reader, which actually enter the power consumption data into the database.
The demand for real-time power consumption data is increasing day by day. When there is an outage of power, valuable time is saved by quickly assessing which part of the distribution network was not working. The wireless smart meters transmit bi-directional energy flows, at the individual energy levels. The lower costs involved and the higher performance levels are the advantages that make the Smart Energy Meters a lucrative option for many countries.
Monitoring the Energy Meter with IoT
Monitoring and tracking the energy consumption is a tedious task. Readings need to be taken down from the meter rooms. The IoT based system offers the best solution. It offers a monitoring system over the internet with the help of automation of the system. A microcontroller-based system is used for the energy meters and this is used to monitor the energy consumption through this meter. There is a Wi-Fi connection used for monitoring of the units consumed. The units and the cost associated are then transmitted through the internet. A simple web-based application will allow the user to view the energy consumed and the cost, over the internet easily. The billing is checked online and a IoT based Energy Meter will help the user in the effective monitoring of the electricity meter readings.