Australian Shepherd Guide: History, Personality, Food and Training

Like everyone, all dogs have different energy levels. Some people are content to nap all day (the pug stares at you). Others, like labs, require a lot of exercise to be happy. Then there’s the Australian Shepherd. There’s more gas in the tank when you think about burning Australia’s energy storage whether it’s a hike, a run, a dog park tour or an Australian Shepherd’s constant challenge, and more. Proactive, family-oriented, and supremely smart, this perpetual motion machine is an energetic and faithful companion, perfect for families and singles alike. However, the working breed of Australians raised as shepherds and guardians needs to do something to thrive. Everything you need to know about these beautiful, high-strength dogs that will help you live your best life.

Australian Shepherd Basics

According to the Australian Shepherd Club of America, the Australian background as a working dog is evident in its physique. The Australian Shepherd is of medium build, with a deep chest, slightly longer than stature, and relatively straight forelimbs to help maintain agility and stamina. Depending on the gender, they range in size from 18 to 23 inches and from 40 to 65 pounds. Their coats are a decent length, a bit rough and weather resistant, which helps to work in any weather conditions. There is blue merle, red merle, black and red varieties, all typically tan and white Spot. Australians also have bright, alert eyes, which show their high intelligence (working dogs use their intense gaze to converse with hoofed cattle and sheep). They usually have brown eyes, but it’s not uncommon for Australians, especially merle breeds, to have blue or even heterochromatic (one blue and one brown) eyes.

The hard-working and playful Australian Shepherd character

The Australian Shepherd is like a friend who runs marathons, gets a promotion at work, remembers important dates, and makes time for friends and family. They always want to be involved in everything and have the energy to somehow do it all. While raised for work, Australians prefer to be with people of all ages (including children), other dogs, or small animals such as cats if properly socialized at an early stage, and they are all as sociable as going out. Thousands of Australian owners tell the story of how their dogs “in herds” of people and animals of all kinds, even though they don’t see the farm.

A Brief History of the Australian Shepherd

It would be forgiven to think that the australian shepherd puppies for sale near me originated in Australia. However, these ranch dogs are actually American via Spain. Originating in 19th century California, Australia was originally bred in the harsh and varied climates of the western states. Although there is some debate as to the veracity of this claim, many experts believe that the Australian Shepherd originated as a dog brought to the United States by the Basques from the mountains between Spain and France as shepherds.

Caring for an Australian Shepherd

It cannot be overstated how much stimulation Australians need to be happy. These dogs are bred to work long hours in demanding conditions that are physically demanding and require considerable psychological strategies.

Giving an Aussie the stimulation they need

Of course, Australians require a lot of physical activity At least an hour a day, preferably at least twice a day. This applies to standard and mini Australia. But Australians need to exercise their brain as well as their body. Even after hours of running, they may still exhibit destructive or maladaptive behaviors (such as breaking, chewing, and barking). In fact, all dogs need mental stimulation. We know that a tired dog is a happy dog, so it needs mental stimulation rather than physical stimulation. Whether you’re playing hide-and-seek, signing up for agility training, building an obstacle course in your backyard, or continuing to practice your obedience skills, you’ll see a real change of spirit when Australians start using sharp objects. They have a lifelike mind and a shepherd instinct.

Common health problems in Australian shepherds

Although Australians are generally healthy, there are several health-related issues that Australian car owners should be aware of when maintaining these generators.


One of the most common health problems Australian Shepherds face is allergies, especially skin allergies. The most common allergy symptoms include excessive scratching and/or foot licking, nirvana, foot and ear infections, and hair loss. These allergies can be caused by environmental factors (such as pollen or fleas) and food, so if Australians experience these symptoms, they should consult their veterinarian to determine the next steps in treatment.


Like many smart breeds, Australians tend to suffer higher rates of anxiety if they have no way out to drain their physical and mental energy. Australians don’t like being separated from their families, so it’s important to teach Australians from an early age how to avoid hurting themselves through self-destruction. Learn more about separation anxiety here.