The human body is home to over 50 different types of hormones. All are kept in perfect balance by our endocrine system.
Estrogen is the primary sex hormone in women, responsible for female sexual development. The estrogen hormone is also produced in male bodies, though to a much lesser degree.
If this perfect balance of hormones topples over, it can cause various symptoms within the body. High estrogen levels, in particular, cause many dysfunctions of the reproductive system and the body’s overall well-being.
How can you tell if your estrogen levels are too high? Take a look at this guide of the 13 most common symptoms you can experience when suffering from an estrogen hormonal imbalance.
Irregular Periods and Bleeding
A very common symptom of high estrogen levels is menstrual problems. These can manifest in several ways, including irregular periods that do not follow the standard 28-day cycle.
When you do have your period, it may be extremely heavy with more severe cramping. In between your periods, you may notice light spotting.
1. Weight Gain
Another sign of hormonal imbalances in your body may be unexpected weight gain. People with too much estrogen tend to gain weight around their hips and waist before elsewhere on their body.
Fibroids are abnormal growths that form in and around the uterus and can cause considerable abdominal pain and heavy periods.
These typically benign tumors can grow quite large and will need surgical treatment. They will need to be diagnosed via ultrasound.
3. Fibrocystic Breasts
In women, you may notice that your breast tissue feels lumpy to the touch. This can be extremely concerning and should be checked with a doctor immediately.
However, most often, the diagnosis is fibrocystic breasts, which are not uncommon in older women. These benign lumps are caused by an imbalance of estrogen in your body.
Similarly, in the male body, higher estrogen levels can begin developing enlarged breast tissue or gynecomastia. This is not due to weight gain but due to your hormones being unbalanced.
In both men and women, infertility can occur when estrogen levels are unbalanced. This may manifest as low libido or erectile dysfunction in men and often is linked to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in women.
6. Tiredness and Insomnia
If you find yourself fatigued regularly throughout the day and unable to sleep at night, the cause could be a hormonal imbalance in your estrogen levels
7. Mood Changes
If you’re experiencing a radical change in your moods, including feelings of depression, anxiety, or unexplained irritability, this could be a sign of high estrogen levels.
Good gut health relies on good estrogen elimination. If you are experiencing bloating, it could be due to your gut suffering from hormonal imbalances.
9. Cold Extremities
Cold hands and feet can often be a symptom of thyroid dysfunction. Another hormonal imbalance is caused by high levels of estrogen in the blood.
10. Hair Loss
If your estrogen levels are too high, it can induce a state of perimenopause, one of the symptoms of which is hair loss in both men and women. Restoring the balance will help restore your hair growth.
Unexplainable headaches can happen when your estrogen levels fluctuate in the body. Migraines are a common symptom of women with high levels of estrogen.
12. Vaginal Dryness or Atrophy
One of the lesser talked about symptoms is the loss of rejuvenation in the vagina due to prolonged high estrogen levels and premenopausal states.
Many women feel unable to speak about the problem or even unsure how to seek treatment for such a condition, but it is important to seek a solution and treat hormone imbalance in your body.
13. Swollen or Tender Breasts
Similar to the feelings you may experience before the start of your period, your breast may feel large, swollen, and tender to the touch all month if your estrogen is too high.
What Are the Causes of High Estrogen in the Body?
High estrogen can be caused by a range of factors, the most common being a state known as perimenopause, in which the body ceases to ovulate. The complimentary hormone which finishes a period, progesterone, can fail to release, causing estrogen levels to rise steadily.
However, other factors include our relationships with modern lifestyles, such as eating too much, undergoing too much stress, and having too much body fat.
If your body fat percentage is greater than 30%, you have a much greater chance of generating too much estrogen as fat cells produce it. Obesity is a high-risk factor in creating a hormonal imbalance in your body.
Treating High Estrogen Levels
if you suspect you have a hormonal imbalance in your body, you should speak with your healthcare professional. However, there are holistic steps you can take to try and reduce your estrogen levels naturally first.
Regulate Your Bowels
The body eliminates estrogen through your bowels. So it is important to have regular bowel movements and avoid constipation. The longer waste remains in your body, the greater the risk of estrogen getting reabsorbed.
Increase your water intake to avoid dehydration, supplement magnesium and eat more fiber to avoid any waste staying in the body longer than it should.
Reduce Your Stress
The stress hormone cortisol will prevent the anti-estrogen hormone progesterone from being released into the body correctly. This will lead to a rise in your estrogen levels.
Try a range of stress-reducing hobbies, including yoga, Pilates, deep breathing, meditation, or simply taking a moment to relax.
Lose Excess Fat
Fat stores on the body will generate additional estrogen in your blood, leading to a hormonal balance. Reducing your fat will, in turn, help reduce your high estrogen levels, alleviating your symptoms in the long term.
Signs That You May Have High Estrogen Levels
High levels of estrogen in your blood can cause a range of symptoms that will vary between men and women.
Hopefully, this guide has helped you to identify if you may be suffering from problems relating to high estrogen so that you can seek treatment today.
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