The medical imaging technique that visualises the inside of the heart’s blood vessels to check if there are any restrictions in blood flow is known as angiography.
What Is Angiography Needed?
When a patient suffers from problems with blood circulation, the doctor may suggest for angiography to determine if there is any blockage causing the problem. With the help of the test result, the doctor can proceed with further treatment. This test is used to determine arterial disease that leads to heart attack, stroke and organ failure.
Major Types Of Angiography
There are different varieties of angiography that are done to diagnose the condition of the patients.
Computed Tomography Angiography– This method utilises x-rays, software and hardware to get the images of the horizontal or axial part of the blood vessels.
Coronary Angiography– This method visualises the inside of the coronary arteries. These images are then used to locate stenosis in the arteries that could be the possible reasons behind chest pain.
Digital Subtraction Angiography– This method images the blood vessels in the brain to check their blood flow.
Radionuclide Angiography– This is a nuclear medicine process in which a small amount of radionuclide helps the test procedure of the target tissue. This radionuclide angiography evaluates the condition of the heart’s chambers.
Pulmonary Angiography– This method images the blood vessels to assess the conditions of the heart and the arteries such as blockages or stenosis.
Magnetic Resonance Angiography– This method uses magnetic resonance imaging or MRI and contrast dye that helps to visualise the blood vessels.
Renal Angiography– This method is also known as arteriography and it images the blood vessels to see if there are any signs of blockages that are affecting the blood flow to the kidney.
What To Expect About The Angiography Procedure?
Let’s explain the angiography procedure in simple steps to help you understand.
- In the angiography procedure, a small cut is made in the skin of the patient over one of the arteries. This cut is generally near the groin or wrist. Before this local anaesthetic is used to numb the area of the cut.
- In the next step, a long and thin tube that is flexible is inserted into the artery and is carefully guided through the area. The patient may feel a slight push and pull when this is done, but it should not be painful.
- A special dye is used that is the contrast agent to inject through the tube. After this, the x-rays are taken as the dye starts flowing through the blood vessels.
Cost of Angiography
The angiography cost in India depends on the type of hospital you choose. If you prefer a top hospital the cost will be higher in comparison to the medium-range hospitals. But hr cost is not as high as in western countries.
With the advancements in medical science and the latest technology, all the reputed hospitals are well equipped to provide promising angiography test facility. Depending upon the type of angiography the cost varies. It is essential to consult with an experienced doctor before you choose the right hospital for your angiography.
After the test, some patients may experience bleeding or bruising where the insertion was made. Some may experience an allergic reaction. In case you are wondering about any potential complications involved with angiography, make sure to discuss with your doctor prior to the test.