Chilli is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the genus Capsicum of the nightshade family Solanaceae. It is believed that chilli originated in Bolivia, and was domesticated by farmers around 5000 BC. Today there are over 200 varieties of chillies with varying pungency levels ranging from 0-10000000 Scoville heat units (SHU). Chillies are consumed around the world as spices in cuisines, as well as being used for medicinal purposes. The world’s hottest chilli, the Carolina Reaper, is now available to grow at home for anyone brave enough. The chilli was developed by an American named Ed Currie in his garden over several years until he arrived at the perfect combination of heat and flavour. Once you’ve grown your own plants, use them to make hot sauce or even turn them into candles!
Growing chillies from seed
Chillies are a hot topic right now. Not just on our weekly menus but also in the media, with stories on how chillies can cure everything from cancer to diabetes making headlines. Chillies have health benefits, but they are also incredibly easy to grow at home! Growing chillies from seed can be a difficult process for some people. There are many things you need to consider, starting with the best soil to use, then on to the right temperature or light conditions for your seedlings. You will probably have read that chillies need full sunlight, but you might be surprised at what is actually required! Chilli plants are relatively easy to grow, provided that you follow a few very basic rules! Seeds should be sown in pots indoors at the end of February, where they will germinate in around 10 days. Seedlings should then be hardened off ready for planting outside after the last frost has passed.
The hottest chilli in the world
Chilli peppers are a group of plants from the genus Capsicum that is grown as a vegetable. They can be eaten fresh or dried, and either whole or ground. The most commonly used pepper in the world is the bell pepper (Capsicum annuum), which is not a true pepper but a member of the same plant family. The hot pepper is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The term chilli connotes only peppers of the species Capsicum annuum, others being commonly called chilli peppers and sweet peppers
the fruit is berries, including bell peppers, jalapeño peppers, New Mexico chillies, paprika (see Capsicum for more varieties)gardeners can grow any kind of capsicum in their gardens.
The Carolina Reaper is a chilli pepper originally bred in South Carolina. It is currently the world’s hottest chilli pepper, according to the Guinness World Records. The Guinness Book of World Records has tested and certified eight of these peppers as being above 1 million Scoville units, making these peppers about 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. The Carolina Reaper, also known as the hottest chilli in the world, is a chilli pepper that measures an average of 1.5 million on the Scoville Heat Scale. If you are interested in taking the taste bud challenge to see if you can eat this chilli without crying, then continue reading to learn more about this smoking hot chilli.
The first step is to choose a chilli to grow. This can be done by looking at what is available in your area or simply choosing one that looks appealing. Once you have decided which seed you want to grow, there are several ways that it can be germinated. The easiest way is to place the seeds in a small pot of well-drained soil and cover them with about 1cm of horticultural grit or compost.