A beginners guide to lower limb prosthetics

The search of finding a perfect prosthetic limb company is a very herculean task. From the point of finding a perfect company to the process of fitting as well as maintenance, the journey can be extremely challenging in nature. So, it is important to find a company that has a wide range of prosthetic products that can cater to the needs of amputees. This is especially true for lower limb amputees where the prosthetic parts need to be customized in accordance with the requirements of the user. In this article, we take a look at various important things that need to be considered while opting for lower limb prosthetics.

Lower limb prosthetics

The lower limb prosthetics deals with appendages like hip, foot, toe components, ankles, knees thighs, and the like.

Hip prosthetics

Hip prosthetic components are usually different from other prosthetic components. This is because they determine the balance of the body and coordinate the upper and the lower body parts. This means that hip prosthetics need to be customized and fitted in accordance with the needs of the user. It has been observed that an ill-fitted prosthetic component can make the life of the amputee harder than before. The two important things that need to be considered in hip prosthetics are the thigh and shin segments.

Knee prosthetics

The most important component for the mobility of the lower part of the body is the knee. The knee coordinates the functioning of the lower and the upper part of the leg and is one of the most complex prosthetics to use. There are a variety of knee prosthetics to choose from. The first is called the single axis which is the most reliable option as it functions with the help of a single hinge and is easy to use. The second specification is called the manual locking system. This is a little complex system that can be locked and released as per the need of a person. Another suitable option for knee prosthetics is called stance control. Stance control makes use of weight placement to execute specific moments and aid in mobility. The other two important options that are available to prosthetics include polycentric and hydraulic fittings. The polycentric option is usually given to those users that require multiple centers to cater to various situations. In the hydraulic fitting, the aim is to make the knee work on its own with little external aids.

Foot prosthetics

The foot is the most important component that provides stability and aids in mobility. It needs to be ensured that the foot is suitable to adjust the body weight and also balance the individual when it comes to walking and running. Prosthetic feet usually rely on multi axial capabilities so that the foot can rotate in various ways. Depending upon the needs of the patient, the mobility of the foot is adjusted taking care of both the strength and balance considerations.