8 Mutual Fund Types – How to Choose the right Mutual Fund?

Selecting the ideal mutual fund for your financial requirements can take time and effort. Knowing which funding is perfect for you might be challenging with many available options. Understanding the many types of mutual funds available can help you choose the most suitable investment objectives. 

You can choose the mutual fund that is right for you by being familiar with the eight main categories of mutual funds. Let’s talk about the eight basic categories of mutual funds and how to pick the best one for your specific requirements. We will review the many types of funds and things to think about before investing.

Equity Fund

Equity funds are an investment vehicle that offers investors the chance to invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks. The investments are managed by professional fund managers who select and monitor the investments to ensure a return is made. Equity fund investments range from large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and even international stocks. 

Equity funds attract many investors because they can spread risk across multiple stores. This diversification helps to minimise the risk associated with stock market volatility and can provide an attractive return on investment. Additionally, equity funds can provide investors access to larger companies that may not be available through individual stock investments.

Debt Fund

Debt funds are a category of mutual fund investments focusing on fixed-income securities such as government and corporate bonds, debt-based guarantees, and money market instruments. Fund managers of these debt funds invest in bonds and other deposits to generate a stable income stream. 

Debt funds come with various risks, including credit and interest rate risks. With debt funds, there is a credit risk because the issuer of the bonds may default on its payments. Interest rate risk is another risk associated with these funds, as changes in interest rates may adversely affect the value of the bonds held by the fund.

Liquid Fund

Liquid funds are a type of investment fund held in liquid assets such as money market instruments, short-term debt securities, and other similar investments. The purpose of these funds is to provide investors with a safe, low-risk option for their money, allowing them to earn a return on their investment without the volatility of the stock market.

Investing in liquid funds is a great way to diversify your portfolio without taking on too much risk. Unlike stocks, bonds, and other more volatile investments, these funds are held in liquid assets. As a result, investors can feel confident that their money is safe and can count on a steady return.

In this scheme, funds have to be withdrawn within 91 days. The maximum amount to invest is Rs 10 lakh. Three hundred sixty-five days are used to calculate the NAV of liquid funds.

Income funds

Income funds are set up to provide investors with a steady income. Professional fund managers with experience will select the best investments to generate the highest returns. Fund managers will also use various risk management techniques in managing funds. Income funds can be a very efficient way to generate a steady income.

Hybrid Fund

Hybrid funds are composed of a mix of stocks, bonds, and other investments and are designed to provide investors with a diversified portfolio across multiple asset classes. They can be a very effective way to spread risk, as the different investments in the fund can help balance each other out. 

One of the benefits of hybrid funds is that they can be tailored to an individual investor’s goals and risk tolerance. The fund manager can adjust the mix of stocks and bonds according to the investor’s desired return and risk level.

Pension Fund

Pension Fund is a retirement plan that helps individuals save money for retirement. The money that is contributed to the pension fund is invested in various assets, such as stocks, bonds, and real estate. 

The goal of a pension fund is to provide individuals with a steady income during their retirement years. There are several different types of pension funds available. The most common type is a defined benefit plan, an employer and employee agreement. 

In this plan, the employer agrees to provide employees with a specified monthly amount when they reach retirement age. The amount of money is determined by the employer and is typically based on the employee’s salary.

Money Market Funds

Money Market Funds (MMFs) have recently gained popularity as a form of investing. Mutual funds, or MMFs, invest in short-term debt instruments such as government bonds, CDs, and commercial paper. Investors can immediately access their money and receive returns on their investments with the help of these funds, which is safe and liquid. 

Money market funds are frequently seen as low-risk investments because they are less volatile than equities and bonds. The fund managers of MMFs work hard to keep safety and liquidity in balance. They minimise risk and guarantee steady returns by combining short-term investments with diversification techniques.

Balanced Fund

These balanced funds combine equities and bonds in one portfolio. It is seen as a low-risk, low-yield investment, but it provides a more stable return than investing in only one of the two asset classes. The Balanced Fund approach offers investors a consistent income stream and capital growth. 

The Balanced Fund benefits from the higher returns associated with equities and the reduced volatility of bonds by investing in both stocks and bonds. The strategy’s objective is to deliver a consistent rate of return that beats inflation. The Balanced Fund investment strategy often holds a combination of large-cap and mid-cap equities and corporate and government bonds.

Tax-saving fund

Tax-saving funds help you save money by reducing your taxable income. They are mutual funds that invest in assets like stocks and bonds, which can give you a tax break. By investing in these funds, you can take advantage of the tax savings and use the money to save or invest elsewhere.

Tax-saving funds are a great way to save money while investing in assets that can provide returns. You can invest in these funds with the help of a broker or financial advisor. They will help you determine the right funds to support and manage your portfolio. The goal is to minimise your tax liability.


To conclude, it is crucial to comprehend and explore the various kinds of mutual funds. It would have given you the information you need to choose the type of fund that will meet your financial requirements. Doing this ensures that your mutual fund is appropriate for your goals and objectives.

Adil Husnain

Adil Husnain is a well-known name in the blogging and SEO industry. He is known for his extensive knowledge and expertise in the field, and has helped numerous businesses and individuals to improve their online visibility and traffic. He writes on business, technology, finance, marketing, and cryptocurrency related trends. He is passionate about sharing his knowledge and helping others to grow their online businesses.

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