The Inca civilization emerged from the Peruvian highlands in the early 13th century. Beginning in 1438, they began to conquer the lands surrounding the heart of the Incas trial at Cuzco, creating the largest empire in pre-Colombian America. The arrival of the Spanish invaders in 1532 marked the end of the short-lived Inca Empire. What remained of their civilization was limited when the conquistadors looted what they could. But visitors can still get an appreciation of how advanced the Incas are from the amazing ancient Inca ruins found in the highlands of South America.
Moray is an Inca agricultural laboratory which is most likely used to grow high-yielding and healthy plant varieties in the Andes. This site contains several circular terraces, which can be used to study the effects of different climatic conditions on plants because lower terraces have lower temperatures. The deepest crater is about 150 meters (492 feet) with a temperature difference of up to 15 ° C between the upper and lower levels.
2. Winay Wayna
The Inca site at Winay Wayna was built on a hillside overlooking the Urubamba River. Located on the short Inca Trail 2 days and, as it is today, it may have been a stopping place for weary travelers on their way to the famous Machu Picchu. The Inca ruins of the Winay Wayna consist of upper and lower housing complexes connected by stairs and fountain structures. Next to the houses there is a farm terrace area.
Coricancha in Cuzco, originally named Inti Kancha (‘Temple of the Sun’) is the most important temple in the Inca Empire. The walls and floor used to be covered with solid gold sheets, and the yard was filled with gold statues. Like many other Inca monuments, the building was severely destroyed by the invaders, who built a Christian church, Santo Domingo, on rubble. Large earthquakes have damaged the church, but the walls of the Inca stone, which were built of very large and interconnected stone blocks, still stand by the sophisticated Inca stone masonry.
Located at 2,840 meters (9,318 feet) above sea level along the Inca line, Llactapata means “High City” in Quechua. It might be used for plant production and storage. The Llactapata was burned by Manco Inca Yupanqui, during his retreat to prevent the pursuit of Spain. Partly because of this effort, Spain never found any trace of the Incas trial or its Inca settlements.
5. Isla Del Sol
Isla Del Sol is a rocky and hilly island located in the southern part of Lake Titicaca. According to Inca religion, it was the first land that emerged after the great flood waters began to recede and the Sun emerged from the island to light up the sky once more. As the birthplace of the Sun God, the Incas built several sacred sites on the island. Among these Inca ruins are the Sacred Stone and a maze-like building called Chicane.
Sacsayhuaman is an Inca walled complex high above the city of Cusco. The imperial city of Cusco, arranged in the form of a puma, an animal symbolizing the Inca dynasty. The puma belly is the main plaza, the Tullumayo river forms its backbone, and the Sacsayhuaman hills head. There are three parallel walls built on different levels with very large limestone. It is recommended that zigzag walls represent puma’s head teeth. The Inca wall was built in such a way that a piece of paper would not fit among many stones.
7. Inca Pisac
Pisac, the original word from Quechua, means “partridge”. The Inca tradition dictated building cities in the form of birds and animals, and as a result, Pisac was in the form of a partridge. Inca ruins include military fortifications, religious temples, and individual dwellings, and face the Sacred Valley, between the Salkantay Mountains. It is estimated that Písac defended the southern entrance to the Sacred Valley and controlled the route connecting the Inca Empire to the rainforest border.
Located on the border of Cuzco and Apurimac, Choquequirao (meaning Cradle of Gold), is located 3085 meters (10,120 feet) above sea level. The Inca Ruins contain a configuration of stairs, consisting of 180 terraces. Built in a completely different style from Machu Picchu, Choquequirao is much broader. One can only travel to Choquequirao on foot or ride a horse, and as such, is far less visited than Machu Picchu. Without wheels, a trip to Choquequirao from Cachora can take up to four days!
During the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo was the royal land of Emperor Pachacuti who conquered the region, building cities and ceremonial centers. At the time of the Spanish conquest in Peru, it served as a bulwark for the Inca resistance. At present the Inca ruins at Ollantaytambo are important tourist attractions and one of the most common starting points for hikes known as the Inca Trail.
10. Incas trial to Machu Picchu
The most beautiful and impressive ancient Inca ruins in the world, Machu Pichu was rediscovered in 1911 by Hawaiian historian Hiram after being hidden for centuries over the Urubamba Valley. “Lost City of the Incas” is invisible from the bottom and is completely independent, surrounded by agricultural terraces and watered by natural springs. Although known locally, it was largely unknown to the outside world before it was rediscovered in 1911. Since then, Incas trial to Machu Picchu has become the most important tourist attraction in Peru.